High borrowing costs hindered town investment in sanitation infrastructure in nineteenth-century England slowing Britain’s mortality decline.
This post examines the patterns of mortality decline in the Greek urban centre of Hermoupolis and the pathways facilitating such decline.
What drove the Dutch sanitary revolution? I draw on contemporary newspapers to argue that financial difficulties played a key role.
The industrial revolution was necessary to trigger investments in sanitary infrastructures, but not sufficient: better medicine and politics were essential.