Local health departments played an important role in reducing mortality during the early days of Puerto Rico’s little-known health miracle.
This post focuses on scientific and social factors to explain the rise of public health as a state priority during the 19th century.
We demonstrate the potential of using existing micro-level data to credibly assess the impact of improved water provision on the household’s welfare.
The creation of the Spanish public hospital system during Franco’s dictatorship was marked by collaboration and competition with the private sector, due to limited funding and political struggles among elites.
We study human development in Colombia since 1838 and observe a sustained increase in well-being, mostly driven by rising life expectancy due to broader access to public sanitary services.
Does rapid urbanization cause rising mortality and worsening sanitation? Nineteenth-century Britain is often used as the classic exemplar of this problem, however we find little evidence that mortality rose in English cities during the Industrial Revolution.